What is CAD medicine?

What is a CAD in medical terms?

A disease in which there is a narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries (blood vessels that carry blood and oxygen to the heart). CAD is usually caused by atherosclerosis (a buildup of fatty material and plaque inside the coronary arteries).

What is CAD and how is it treated?

Various drugs can be used to treat coronary artery disease, including: Cholesterol-modifying medications. These medications reduce (or modify) the primary material that deposits on the coronary arteries. As a result, cholesterol levels — especially low-density lipoprotein ( LDL , or the “bad”) cholesterol — decrease.

What is CAD and symptoms?

Coronary artery disease is the buildup of plaque in the arteries that supply oxygen-rich blood to your heart. Plaque causes a narrowing or blockage that could result in a heart attack. Symptoms include chest pain or discomfort and shortness of breath.

What is a CAD test?

The Corus CAD test is a simple blood test that measures the expression levels of these 23 genes. It is a first-line test for the assessment of obstructive CAD in individuals who are non-diabetic and who have no previous interventions, coronary artery bypass, or documented coronary artery disease.

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Does everyone get coronary artery disease?

Men are generally at greater risk of coronary artery disease. However, the risk for women increases after menopause. Family history. A family history of heart disease is associated with a higher risk of coronary artery disease, especially if a close relative developed heart disease at an early age.

Can CAD be cured?

Coronary heart disease cannot be cured but treatment can help manage the symptoms and reduce the chances of problems such as heart attacks. Treatment can include: lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise and stopping smoking.

What are the complications of coronary artery disease?

Over time, CAD can lead to heart failure. Heart failure means that your heart isn’t able to pump enough blood to the rest of your body. This can cause fluid buildup in the lungs, difficulty breathing, and swelling of the legs, liver, or abdomen.

What does mild CAD mean?

The study subjects were categorized as having no CAD, mild CAD defined as defined as <50% artery obstruction, or obstructive disease defined as >50% artery obstruction.

Which of the following risk factors for CAD Cannot be corrected?

non-modifiable risk factors are: age ethnic background family history of heart disease. The older you are, the more likely you are to develop coronary heart disease or to have a cardiac event (angina, heart attack or stroke).

What are the signs of clogged arteries in your legs?

Symptoms

  • Painful cramping in one or both of your hips, thighs or calf muscles after certain activities, such as walking or climbing stairs.
  • Leg numbness or weakness.
  • Coldness in your lower leg or foot, especially when compared with the other side.
  • Sores on your toes, feet or legs that won’t heal.
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Does CAD cause fatigue?

Coronary artery disease (CAD) does not usually cause symptoms until it becomes advanced. Subtle symptoms can include dizziness, indigestion-like sensations, fatigue, and lack of energy. More noticeable symptoms of CAD include shortness of breath and chest pain.

How do I know if my arteries are clogged?

The symptoms of an artery blockage include chest pain and tightness, and shortness of breath. Imagine driving through a tunnel. On Monday, you encounter a pile of rubble. There is a narrow gap, big enough to drive through.

What causes CAD?

Coronary artery disease is caused by plaque buildup in the wall of the arteries that supply blood to the heart (called coronary arteries). Plaque is made up of cholesterol deposits. Plaque buildup causes the inside of the arteries to narrow over time. This process is called atherosclerosis.

Can an ECG detect blocked arteries?

Can an electrocardiogram detect blocked arteries? No, an electrocardiogram cannot detect blocked arteries. Blocked arteries are usually diagnosed with a nuclear stress test, cardiac pet scan, coronary CT angiogram or traditional coronary angiogram.

Which artery is the most common to have blockage?

Although blockages can occur in other arteries leading to the heart, the LAD artery is where most blockages occur. Niess said about one-third of coronary heart disease patients have blockages in one artery, about one-third have blockages in two arteries and one-third have blockages in all three arteries.